Océanos Terrestres

Las playas y los pantanos, el océano, el hielo marino, el fondo del mar y los océanos de la tierra están cambiando constantemente. En esta categoría tendrás que explicarnos como usar los datos de NASA para conseguir un mejor conocimiento de los océanos y una mayor protección de los mismos.

Internet en el Océano

Internet en el Océano

Conectarse a internet no resulta tarea sencilla en muchas áreas del planeta, esto hace que pescadores y marineros tengan una conexión muy limitada con el resto del mundo. Aunque la conexión a internet vía satélite está disponible con facilidad representa un alto coste para los usuarios particulares. Tu reto será diseñar un sistema de bajo coste para llevar Internet a las personas en mitad del océano.


Crecida del Agua

Crecida del Agua

Los niveles del mar están subiendo alrededor del planeta y,  aproximadamente, el 40% de la población mundial vive en zonas costeras.

Tu reto será ayudar a explicar como la subida del nivel costero afectará a la naturaleza creando visualizaciones que muestren los cambios que se producirán en tu región.



Limpieza de Basura

Limpieza de Basura

Las islas de basura en el océano son acumulaciones de residuos marinos que se agrupan debido a las corrientes oceánicas que tienen efectos devastadores sobre los ecosistemas marinos.

¡Tu reto será diseñar una misión que pueda eliminar esta basura del océano!




Internet en el Océano

EL DESAFÍO

Conectarse a internet no resulta tarea sencilla en muchas áreas del planeta, esto hace que pescadores y marineros tengan una conexión muy limitada con el resto del mundo. Aunque la conexión a internet vía satélite está disponible con facilidad
representa un alto coste para los usuarios particulares. Tu reto será diseñar un sistema de bajo coste para llevar Internet a las personas en mitad del océano.

Background

Humans are becoming more reliant on internet connectivity as each year passes. For those who are located in populated urban areas, internet access is usually available at a reasonable cost. But if someone is remotely located, they usually rely on satellite internet or dial-up providers. Some satellite providers cover only certain areas of the globe, so these solutions may not be accessible to every user. If someone wants to access the internet from Earth’s oceans, there is usually a very high cost associated with the satellite connectivity.

Additionally, the user equipment and data plan are expensive.
However, some commercial companies are planning to launch large satellite constellations for internet connectivity, which may bring some of these costs down for users but may still be cost-prohibitive for some users.

Your challenge is to design a low-cost method of delivering internet to people located on the ocean. Propose a rough cost of how much a user would have to pay for their equipment, as well as a data plan for different bandwidth allocations. How does your plan compare with various commercial satellite internet roviders?

Potential Considerations

● Your idea is not restricted to only ground-based or only space-
based solutions, but should consider the costs involved in the
development and maintenance of each environment. Keep in
mind that space-based solutions tend to be expensive.
● One of the ways to save costs is to use existing technology,
known as Commercial Off The Shelf (COTS) products. How can
you integrate existing technology to keep your development and
implementation costs to a minimum?
● Consider how important it will be to make sure each packet of
data makes it across the network. Review NASA’s ‘Disruption
Tolerant Networking’ technology and why it is considered
important. How do other technologies or networks take this into
consideration?
● Are there any other ground-based solutions for remote users
accessing the internet? Can you improve on this technology or
incorporate it for ocean-based users?
● Why do users need access to the internet while on the ocean?
How will enabling this technology increase the benefit for
humankind?
● Optional Consideration: Does your solution also satisfy the
needs of remote internet users on land? How can your
technology address those users as well?

Crecida del Agua

EL DESAFÍO

Los niveles del mar están subiendo alrededor del planeta y,  aproximadamente, el 40% de la población mundial vive en zonas costeras.

Tu reto será ayudar a explicar como la subida del nivel costero afectará a la naturaleza creando visualizaciones que muestren los cambios que se producirán en tu región.

Background

Global climate change involves the rising of sea level around the world.

This is driven by two primary factors: the thermal expansion of water as it heats up, and the melting of ice at the poles increasing the amount of liquid water in the oceans. The oceans currently rise at a rate of slightly more than three millimeters each year.

Approximately 40% of the entire human population lives in coastal areas, and eight of the ten largest cities in the world are located on the coast. As sea level continues to rise, these coastal areas will face increasingly severe impacts from hurricanes, storm surge, and flooding in general, affecting billions of people.
Although this issue is one of the first that comes to mind when considering the effects of climate change, it is difficult to envision the effects of oceans rising by less than a centimeter each year. How can you help communicate the impact visually? Your challenge is to create a visual tool to illustrate the cumulative impacts of small changes associated with sea level rise over decades.

Potential Considerations

In designing your visualization tool, be sure to include ways to change related variables and view the impacts on sea level in the future. Such variables could include shifts in human population or behavior, changes in land use, and/or global temperatures overall, just to name a few. Ensure that features such as these exist in your visualization in order to keep it as interactive and user-friendly as possible while still effectively presenting an educational message about the impacts of climate change. Focus on local and regional scales; how will further sea level change impact your region?

Limpieza de Basura

EL DESAFÍO

Las islas de basura en el océano son acumulaciones de residuos marinos que se agrupan debido a las corrientes oceánicas que tienen efectos devastadores sobre los ecosistemas marinos.

¡Tu reto será diseñar una misión que pueda eliminar esta basura del océano!

Background

Oceanic garbage patches are collections of marine debris that come together due to ocean currents. The most well-known of these patches is commonly referred to as the “Great Pacific Garbage Patch,” located within the area of the north Pacific between Hawaii and California.

These “patches” are not islands of trash like many people believe, but concentrated areas of debris that exist anywhere from the water’s surface to the ocean floor, often not even visible when looking at that area of the ocean. Much of this debris is composed of microplastics which, despite being hardly noticeable, can have some of the most negative impacts on the ocean.

These garbage patches have devastating effects on marine life and pose significant threats to ocean ecosystems and humanity in extension. Your challenge is to formulate some key technologies, procedures, and approaches to be used in a mission to help clean up oceanic garbage. You can focus your mission on the Great Pacific Garbage Patch or any of the other patches or debris in the world’s oceans. Use NASA Earth science data to 1) assist you in determining a location where your mission could have the most positive effects on the planet, and 2) help you figure out which type of debris to attempt to collect, and how to collect it.

Potential Considerations

For a more detailed and complete mission design, ensure that you
consider effective ways to reach your target destination, as well as methods to ensure a sufficient mission “lifetime.” Additionally, for a huge environmental conservation effort such as this, attempt to be as environmentally friendly as possible. For example, you could strive to make your mission have little-to-no reliance on fossil fuels, or ensure that you think about procedures to limit the wastefulness associated with your mission.

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